General About Turkey 

Money Exchange
The new currency unit is the YTL ("Y" stands for Yeni, new in English ). One million Turkish Lira (1.000.000 TL) is now equivalent to one New Turkish Lira (1 YTL). YTL banknotes: YTL 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100. Coins: YKr 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 1 YTL. The international currency code of the YTL has been determined as TRY instead of the previous TRL. It?s possible to exchange money at the airports, hotels, exchange offices , and banks opened every day from 9.30 am to 12.00 am and from 13.30 pm to 17.00 pm except Saturdays and Sundays. It is preferable to pay with a credit card (widely used in Turkey) for the purchase of items of value such as carpets, jewels, etc... the invoices of which should be saved.
All kind of drugs can be found in pharmacies called ''eczane'' in Turkish.There are a lot of medical clinics which are open 7/24. If you wish a doctor to visit you at your accommodation, the hotel management can normally arrange this for you. While visiting a hospital or clinic remember to take your passport, insurance documents, and some local money. Remember to obtain receipts for any treatment or medicine so that you can claim on your travel insurance. Should you require hospitalisation or repatriation during your holiday, the insured person must contact their insurers Medical Assistance Service before any action is taken. Use and traffic of any kind of drugs are not allowed and is illegal.
26 cities are served by Turkish Airlines (THY) domestic flights. Because the rail network is not very developed in Turkey, instead there is a high number of luxurious scheduled bus services throughout the country. Boats, sea buses and ferries operate some routes between the main ports. Taxis with taximeter are widely used everywhere in the country. Night fare costs 50% more from 24.00 till 06.00. In major cities by the sea , all kinds of transpotation are used: yellow taximeter taxis, collective taxis (dolmus), buses, minibuses, trains, trams, a subway, a funicular, boats, sea buses and ferries
What to bring
In summer, light cotton clothes would be comfortabe during the day. In Central and Eastern Anatolia and in the Black Sea region warmer garments might be necessary at night. Raincoats and coats are necessary in winter and autumn. Good walking shoes, hat, sunglasses and sun cream are recommended. 

Traffic and Road Network
Traffic is running on the right in Turkey. While crossing streets in big cities, make sure that the vehicles are at a reasonable distance to allow you cross the street safely. In Turkey, cars have the privilege to use the streets. You can safely walk on the pedestrian walk ways. The road network is good and well developed with many main and secondary roads. A highway is opened between Istanbul and Ankara, as well as some other highway sections in different regions of Turkey. In big cities, traffic is generally heavy. On the main roads also, where there are lots of buses and trucks.In Turkey you drive on the right and the highway code is the same as in European countries. The roadsign ''DUR'' means STOP, and ''YAVAS'' (written in big letters on the road) means SLOW DOWN.
Before you purchase anything, try to get the prices down as low as possible. In most cases, just leave the shop or vendor and pretend to walk away, you will be probably invited back to shop by the vendor asking what would be your best offer. Then, feel free to give your own price for your purchase. Usually, bargaining margin starts from 10 % and may go up to 50%. Do not push more than possible, this will cause you to under estimate the value of the good. Bargaining could only be done in touristic areas, in local towns or new city and modern shopping malls no bargaining is possible.
How to make payment
Major Credit Cards and Traveler's checks are accepted in big cities however you may need to carry some cash with you. US dollars and Euros are also widely excepted. Turkish money is a convertible one but DO NOT exchange your money to Turkish lira's in your home town, the rate you get is much lower than what you get in Turkey. You could easily exchange money on arrival at airports or borders.
Lost something?
If you lose anything or have anything stolen it must be reported to the police within 24 hours and a report or a report number obtained. This will be essential if you wish to make a claim on your travel insurance policy.
Phone Numbers
155 - Police-Traffic
112 - Saving
110 - Firefighters
118 - Telephone Information
156 – Gendarmerie
Religion and Mosques
Turkey is a secular state that guarantees complete freedom of worship in all religions. The society is very tolerant and welcomes visitors to the spectacular Moslem mosques. As a mark of respect though, all visitors to mosques should remove their shoes, women should cover their heads and arms and not wear mini skirts or shorts and men should not wear shorts. Turkey is a secular country with a population that is mostly Moslem (almost 90%). Turkey is a secular country where religion and politics is slightly separated. The mosques are open to everyone. You will have to leave your shoes at the entrance or carry them in your hands, women in most mosques are required to cover their heads with a scarf and naked parts of their legs and shoulders. If you don't have anything with you, they will give you some scarves at the entrance for free. Silence is required inside the mosques, it is suggested that you shouldn't laugh loudly inside as this may offend people praying. Most of the mosques are closed to visits at prayer times. The weekends are Saturdays and Sundays, while Fridays are working days, even though in the Moslem belief Friday is the holy day.
GMT + 2 in winter and in summer.
Telephoning from your hotel room might be expensive, the alternative would be to use the public phones available out on the streets, or in some hotel lobbies. All you need is to buy a telephone card from Post Office , which is in 30, 60 and 100 counters. Cellular phones work throughout Turkey. One 30 counter card would be enough for a quick international call. A yellow PTT sign indicates the post offices. Central post offices are opened from 08.00 till 24.00. Others are opened till 17.00. Phone cards must be purchased to use at public telephones.
Drink Water
Tap water is safe to drink although highly chlorinated in the larger cities. So it is advisable to drink bottled water or mineral water which can be found almost everywhere at stores. You can safely brush your teeth with tap water.
Smoking is not permitted in flights, public places, most tour buses and public transportation. The Turkish people do smoke a lot , you would easily recognize that nearly 80 percent of the population smokes cigarettes. Turkish tobacco is top quality and you should buy your cigarettes in Turkey as they are delicious and reasonable.
Food and Alcohol
Food matters, sanitation is taken seriously and regularly controlled in general by the authorities. Because of climate and food differences rarely diarrhea could occur. Do have some medicine with you against stomach upsets and diarrhea. Those who are vegetarian will be able to find vegetable food or at least omelet which is very popular in Turkey, almost in every town. The Turkish and Ottoman Kitchen is one of the world leading kitchens. Dishes are mainly cooked of meat (lamb, chicken and cow -pork is not eaten-) and vegetables (Beans, Eggplant, Peppers, Onion, Garlic, Potatoes, Pumpkin). Rice, Pasta , local specialties made from flour (Pide, Manti, Gozleme, Borek...), sweets (Baklava, Kadayuf, Kunefe ...) are all widely eaten. Most of the restaurants display their food in windows, or waiters can bring the samples if you request. Also, the menu that shows available food can be found on your table, in tourist areas in English and German (Specially in South part of Turkey) as well. There is no restriction on the sale and use of Alcohol in Turkey. The most famous local drink "Raki" is widely consumed in Turkey. The "Raki Culture" is sitting long hours at the dinner table, eating "meze"'s and chat with each other on regular and personal subjects. While most people prefer Raki, wine is also famous in Turkey. The local wine production in northwest and mid Anatolia is worth to mention. Many foreigners do tell that the local beer, specially the "Efes Pilsen" brand does have a wonderful taste. You only should if possible avoid drinking in public during the month Ramadan (The vesting month). As a tourist you will not be effected from the Ramadan, the night life will continue in rural areas .

Tips for exit custom regulations
For a new carpet, a proof of purchase; for old items, a certificate from a directorate of a museum is necessary. Exporting antiques from Turkey is forbidden. Valuable personal items can only be taken out of the country providing they have been registered in the owner's passport upon entry, or providing they can show they have been purchased with legally exchanged currency.

The city of Antalya stretches along the bay bearing its name, and is built at 39 meters altitude on a rocky coastline. One is immediately struck by the Taurus mountains rising to 3086 meters above this coastline, intersperesed withvalleys of varying sizes. Land and sea everywhere meet the beaches stretching for miles or the steep cliffs. The Taurus mountains against the blue backdrop of the sky, the precipices and especially the caves close to the sea add another dimension to the beauty of the region.
Small and large streams emerging from the west side of the Taurus water the plains on their journey to the Mediterranean. This translucent running water, cascading into the sea at points along the coast, is another attractive sight.
The plant life of Antalya is extremely varied. Every kind of tropical plant can be found along the coast. Visitors to Antalya are struck by the size attained by the different species of cactus. When you reach the foothills of the Taurus, you will see they are covered in the typical Mediterranean maquis, while the forests are full of thriving oaks and pine trees. The coton and sesame plantations and citrus and banana groves of the plains have a beauty of their own.
n Antalya the four seasons only appear on the calendar, as there is no real winter here, so much so that when in 1985 for the first time in 60 years snow fell, it was front page news.
The summers are hot and rainless while the other months are warm and often rainy, with a mean annual temperature of 18.7 °C. On average there is no rain for 309.5 days a year. It is very rare for the temperature to drop below zero. During the last 40 years the highest recorded temperature was 44.6 °C. In Antalya the average humidty rate is 64%, whereas the seat temperatures are 17.6 °C in January, 18.0 °C in April, 27.7 °C in August and 24.5 °C in September. 
When you arrive to Antalya airport you need to take a taxi or private transportation to go to your hotel. There is no bus or minibus from airport to Antalya city center. You should ask price as a first before you take a taxi. The best way is making reservation with travel agencies for private transfer before your arrival.
In Antalya, the public bus system is the best method of getting to most areas of Antalya. It is not necessary to rent a car or taxi. The public transportation options in Antalya are efficient, inexpensive and convenient so tourists are able to use them easily to get to the most major destinations and attractions. The buses leave at the bus station in the center of Antalya.
Not only for the purpose of conveniently getting around Antalya but also for the experience of local travel, the dolmus is a perfectly legitimate and efficient mode of transportation and visitors are encouraged to try it. The Dolmus drivers are really very helpful to the lost tourists. The strange thing about the dolmus is the payment. Money will be passed down the vehicle from the back to the driver and then change will be passed back. Payment is normally made soon after boarding the dolmus. The Dolmus currently costs 1.50 Turkish Lira for inner city journeys and little bit more for out of town villages. You can stop the Dolmus on the street whenever you need one and if you want to get off just say it to the driver. It is very cheap and it is a nice way to taste a little of the Turkish atmosphere!
Tramway goes to a limited number of locations in Antalya. It is useful for tourists because it does hit many major attractions, such as the Antalya Museum. It is a single line with 2 different trams, one running in each direction. They leave every half hour and they are inexpensive and convenient for certain destinations. 

Places to visit in Antalya:
Kaleici (Old Antalya), Clock Tower, Old Harbor, Yivli Minare, Kesik Minare, Hadrianus Gate, Archaeological Museum, Caves of Antalya..
Antalya main shopping malls and supermarkets:
Laura Shopping Center
Real - Shopping Mall
Covered wholesale food market
White World Center
Deepo Outlet Center


The ancient city of Aspendos is situated 4 km from Antalya-Alanya highway and almost in the middle of this highway. The city is founded near Koprucay ( Eurymedon ). The ships were able to reach the city from the sea owing to this stream which was used as a canal in the ancient time. Today the city is 15 km. from the sea. Aspendos Theater has survived to our day fairly undamaged and Aspendos became famous with this theater.
This structure with an extraordinarily perfect acoustics hosts every year international and local concerts and festivals.
The king of Aspendos announces that he will organize a competition to see who will serve much for the city and says that the winner will marry with his daughter. The artisans who hear this immediately start studying. Finally when the deadline comes, the king analyses everyone’s effort one by one and chooses two candidates. First candidate successes to bring water to the city from far corners of the city by the help of water canals.
The second candidate builds a theatre. When the king is about to decide on the first candidate he wants to analyse theatre for the last time. While he is walking about the top floor of the gallery he hears a voice calling from deep and continuously saying: “the daughter of the king must be mine”. Amazed by the event he searches for the voice but is unable to find where it comes from. This person is absolutely the architect of the theatre who is so proud of the acoustic of his masterpiece and talking on the scene in a feeble pipe. At the end, the architect wins the beautiful daughter and the wedding ceremony is held on this theatre.
This story is about the most important antique work of Aspendos, Aspendos Antique Theatre.
Going to the eastward of Antalya, one can reach Serik Borough in 39 km, and from there to Eurymedon river in 7 km. Aspendos, situated near Eurymedon river is founded by Aka civilization in 10 BC. and is one of the richest cities of the antique age. The theatre in here is built up by Roman in 2 AC. The city is founded upon two hills one is small and one is huge.
The amphitheatre in Aspendos, that is wanted to be conquered by many for ages since being connected to Kucukcay river to the harbour is the one which is most secured till today and therefore is an important open-air theatre.
This theatre is the most ancient and solid sample of the Roman Theatres in Anatolia. On an epitaph on the south parados it is written that the theatre was built by the architect Zeno, the son of an Aspendian called Theodoros in the reign of Marcus Aurelius (161-180 AC). According to this epigraph, Aspendian people appreciated Zeno and awarded him with a great garden near the stadium.

Apendos Festival
Aspendos International Opera and Ballet Festival was accepted by the European Festivals Association – EFA which is one of the notable foundations of Europe in 24.10.2003 and earned its prestigious place among other festivals in the world. Aspendos International Opera and Ballet Festival got the degree of 5 out of 10 among the research of best festivals throughout the world by English Daily Independent.
Moreover, Aspendos festival is the only festival which has “Quality Management Certificate” – TS-EN-ISO 9001: 2000.
The festival has been hosting visitors from four corners of the world since 1993 and is being pursued by the local people. The tourist who arrive to the city at the time of the festival wants to attend to the festival definitely. 


Alanya is situated to the east of Antalya. In Alanya the magnificent Hill which has a height of 300 m. is very impressive and located on a peninsula which looks like the southward extension of the mountains which have come very close to the sea. On the west and on the east of the section where this steep peninsula connects to the shore is a bay with very fine sands lies a long and wide beach giving the impression that is continuing endlessly.
Today’s Alanya is located on the plain lying between the Toros mountain on the backside on the northern feet of this citadel hill and the peninsula on the front side. The city has 2 different beaches each with a wonderful nature and one of them lies as still as a lake on the east, and the other faces the open sea on the west.
There is marina and modern sea port inside the bay, which also hosts the ancient sea port, Kizilkule erected by the Seljuks in Middle Age and the shipyard. This marina is capable of meeting all the requirements of small boats and yachts. From here to the shores of Mediterranean and Aegean Sea daily or long term tours are organized
Alanya Museum,

Kizilkule (Red tower) ,

Shipyard and Tophane:
Alanya Caves-Damlatas :
Alanya Citadel - Kale:

Kleopatra Beach - Alanya

Alanya Park

Alanya Aqua Park:

Belek is a truly paradise for tourists on the shore of the Mediterranean. It is located 30 kilometers on the east side of Antalya province. The region was proclaimed the "Belek Tourism Center". In 1984 Belek's natural beauty was discovered. In later years, Belek became what it is today, thanks to cooperation between the Belek Tourism Investors Association and the Tourism Ministry, a paradise on earth.
The region has first-class holiday villages, 32 four or five-stars hotels and five golf courses. All of the facilities that have been designated first-class provide an ideal atmosphere for families and meticulously offer many services and opportunities aimed at pleasing their guests. All the facilities offer floodlit tennis courts, play areas, completely equipped health and fitness centers, indoor and outdoor swimming pools and many more possibilities.
Belek hotel owners are proud that Belek is the new face of Turkish tourism.

Kemer is located about 43 kilometres from Antalya. It is really very attractive village at the outskirts of the Taurus Mountains. Kemer has nine pretty villages. The population of Kemer is roughly around 10.000 and it has a coast of 52 kms. In Kemer the forest, the sea and the mountains blend with each other and it offers an ideal environment for a wonderful holiday.
Many developments had been in Kemer recently. The investments made for the development of Tourism Industry, has a big important role in Kemer's economy. This town is an actual sample of the urbanization. Kemer is a quite and comfortable holiday district, with ; easy and organized transportation, completed infrastructure, , all utilities of communication and well working Municipality. Today, Kemer is well known place and has important touristic town in tourism.
Kemer marina is fully equipped and it has facilities for all activities so that yachtsmen can enjoy the beaches and bays south of the town. Shopping lovers will delight in the wonderful range of high quality souvenirs for sale.
Kemer's setting, however, is incredibly fascinating and beautiful, and it supposedly had its origins as a Lycian settlement. Many hotels in Kemer offer their own activities and entertainments for guests, and several have private beach access.
On the 16 km west of the touristic town of Kemer there is an ancient Lycian city Phaselis.
Modern resort town Kemer has a vibrant club and disco culture. With many restaurants, bars, blue flag beaches and a 180-capacity yacht marina. Popular coastal villages such as Beldibi, Göynük, Kiris, Çamyuva, Çayova, Aslanbucak, Kuzdere, Beycik and Çirali also provide many exciting nightlife options.

The sandy Lara Beach lies roughly 12 km to the east. Lara beach has a blue flag. The beach begins east of Antalya's cliffs, just past the Lower Duden Waterfall and east of the waterfall a point of land extends into the Gulf of Antalya. Restaurants, hotels and other services host visitors who swim mostly from platforms and docks. The real sandy beach starts on the east side of the point and extends for several kilometers. Most parts of the beach are backed by commercial services offering sun umbrellas, beach chairs, snacks and drinks, showers and perhaps even some entertainment.
You can easily reach Lara Beach from the center of Antalya by minibus. The minibuses run all the way along the Lara beach to the end of the public access area.
Even on cheap holidays to Lara Beach you can expect the best of Turkey's new Mediterranean Riviera, with a great beach lapped by crystal blue waters and a whole range of exhilarating water sports and superb hotels like the upmarket Lara Beach Hotel.
All inclusive holidays to Lara Beach means you'll be able to make the most of the nightlife that centres around the main hotels and the local small restaurants and bars, cafes nearby. But if you like to have a party, spend a night in Antalya, just along the coast.
Holidays in Lara Beach certainly give the opportunity to make the most of the sun and sand formula and also classic sea, with a touch of luxury, modern, sightseeing and sizzling nightlife thrown in.
Lara has become popular for its crystal clear water just 10 years ago and developed very fast with tourism. In this area many hotels were built in 10 years. Today, Lara region is one of the most popular touristic areas in Turkey with fascinating sandy beach and crystal clear water.

You must advance 4 km along the road separating from Antalya-Alanya highway at the 68. km towards the south to reach the ancient city of Side.

The ancient Side was founded on a plain peninsula which extends in to the Mediterranean. Today’s Selimiye and here the ancient city are within one another. The cafes, restaurants, shops, bars and the village houses some of which have been converted to accommodation places like pensions all stand together with ruins. You need to walk around the streets of the town for a fairly long time to be able to find some important buildings of the ancient city. As if they want to hide these monuments from the eyes likewise many of the monuments belonging to the old time periods have been flooded by continuously heaping sands and the plants peculiar to the Mediterranean.
Within a short time period, the places which are cleaned by the men are again filled with these merciless and obstinate natural invaders.
However sands filling the ancient seaport along with a great portion of the shores of the peninsula hava at the same time let this place become a nice beach with an unequalled beauty

Apollo Temple,